Dhosi Hills, near Narnaul, Haryana, is the place to be if you want to know more about heritage and geological activities.
Did you know that 150 km from your township stands a volcano? But don’t panic, as despite having all the physical features of a perfect volcanic hill with a distinct crater and solidified lava still lying on it that gives it a perfect conical view from the top, Dhosi Hill is an extinct volcano.
Located on the borders of south Haryana and north Rajasthan in the northwest end of the Aravali mountain range, around 8 km from Narnaul on Singhana Road, Dhosi Hill hasn’t had any volcanic eruptions during the last two million years. However, lava in solidified condition can still be seen on one side of the hill.
Dhosi Hill finds mention in Mahabharata,Puranas and Brahamanas as well. According to Mahabharata, eruption at this hill had taken place in the beginning of Treta Yug, a fact that was mentioned by Guru Shaunak who had accompanied Pandava during their agyaatvas visit to this hill around 5,100 years ago. Dhosi Hill was an important Ayurvedic centre during the Vedic times due to its fertile and virgin soil. Not many know but chyawanprash, the oldest known generic brand worldwide, was apparently created here for the first time by Rishi Chyavana who practised penance here around 9,000-10,000 years ago. In his memory, a fair is organised every year on the occasion of Somvati Amavasya. Born in Bhrigu dynasty, the saint is said to be the founder of Bhargava community. The Bhargavas of Haryana are also known as Dhosar.
Remnants of a fort built by Samrat Hem Chandra Vikramaditya, also known as Hemu about 500 years ago, can also be seen here on the top of Dhosi Hill. The fort was constructed to safeguard the heritage as well as the ashrams from frequent attacks by Muslim invaders. To replace the old temple, a fort-like temple of Chyavana Rishi was constructed at the crater of the hill by the Dhusars or the Bhargava community in 1890s. Thick walls, up to 25 feet high and 40 feet wide, are built even along the steepest of the slopes.
At present, the Chyavana Rishi Temple, constructed by Bhargava community, stands sanctorum and a basement which is used as a dharmashala (resting place) by pilgrims. An ancient well, recharged by seepage and percolation of water from adjoining reservoirs that are charged by rainwater for drinking water supply, exists on top of the hill. The state government of Haryana is now providing drinking water at the hill through mechanical uplifting from Thana village side located on the base of the hill.
Dhosi Hill is also home to an ancient reservoir that apparently has rejuvenating properties and treats skin ailments as the water turns herbal and cupric due to the good quality of copper in the hill and growth of rare
herbs here. Halfway on way to top of the hill from Kultajpur is located a water reservoir, Shiv Kund, which gets its recharging from the reservoir on the top. Shiv Kund had a Sanskrit Vidyalaya next to it which was in operation till three decades ago. Apart from the Sanskrit Vidyalaya, the hill had facilities for “continuous recitation of Vedic richas” thus giving the hill the name Richic Parvat as described in Mahabharata.
The present ownership of the hill belongs to three panchayats of villages: Dhosi in district Jhunjhunu in Rajasthan, villages Thana and Kultajpur in district Mahendragarh in Haryana. The three villages are inhabited on the three waterfalls which get activated during monsoon months of July and August. These waterfalls find mention in Mahabharata with each village having an ancient water reservoir to augment the needs of water for villagers as well as animals. While the ground level is about 900 feet above the sea level, the hill top is another 900 feet above the ground level.
If you want to reach the crater, there are four options for the same. Of these, two are from the village Thana side. While the first is quite wide and could have been the most convenient one but for the regular erosion and landslides, it is damaged at many places. The stair path is rather steep and do not provide any resting place in case you get tired. The third path, from Dhosi village side, is the shortest but here too a portion of stairs has been washed away by a seasonal waterfall. However, the best alternative is from the village Kuljatpur which has broader stairs though there are no rain or sun shelters en route.